# Pytest with tests files with similar names

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Created: February 28, 2020 / Updated: March 28, 2021 / Status: finished / 1 min read (~183 words)

## Problem

I have two test files with the same name and pytest complains. How do I make it work without changing the test filenames?

Example directory structure

/path/to/project/tests
├── a/
│   └── test_a.py
└── b/
└── test_a.py

Error message:

import file mismatch:
imported module 'test_a' has this __file__ attribute:
/path/to/project/tests/a/test_a.py
which is not the same as the test file we want to collect:
/path/to/project/tests/b/test_a.py
HINT: remove __pycache__ / .pyc files and/or use a unique basename for your test file modules

## Solution

Add a __init__.py to each directories with tests files that have the same name. Technically, you only need to have a __init__.py file in one of the two directories, so that one is in a package while the other one is in a different one. Adding it in both simply prevents this issue from occurring again if you were to add a third file test_a.py.

/path/to/project/tests
├── a/
│   ├── __init__.py
│   └── test_a.py
└── b/
├── __init__.py
└── test_a.py